What is Cushing’s disease? Also known as hyperadrenocorticism this disease is caused by a benign tumor located in the pituitary gland. The hormone secreted by the pituitary gland informs all other glands to produce cortisol in huge doses.
An excess of cortisol causes all sorts of problems. Cortisol is a steroid hormone and these steroids have side effects including the development of Cushing’s. Here we explain this disorder; what happens when Cushing’s in dogs is left untreated. It also covers when to euthanize a dog with Cushing’s disease.
Dogs can suffer from three forms of Cushing’s:
Typical Cushing’s Disease
This disorder causes the adrenal glands to produce too much cortisol. The adrenal glands in your dog are located next to the kidneys. Here a variety of hormones are produced by the outer cortex:
The inner layer produces two hormones.
Pituitary Dependent Cushing’s
This is when the pituitary gland overproduces the hormone ACTH. This triggers excessive levels of the stress hormone cortisol.
Atypical Cushing’s Disease
This recently discovered disorder happens when the adrenal cortex produces excess steroid hormones resulting in similar signs to typical Cushing’s.
Cushing’s disease symptoms in dogs include:
Tests performed to diagnose Cushing’s include:
The ultimate age for a dog to survive with Cushing’s is approximately three years. However, in some cases there is a survival rate of two years.
Dogs with the disease can have a good quality of life if they’re closely monitored by a vet. This means regular check-ups, blood work, and the administration of any required medication.
Dogs with mild symptoms will be closely monitored before treatment begins.
Other treatment options involve destroying enough of the adrenal gland to reduce the secretion of cortisol when administered very carefully.
Oral medications can suppress cortisol production and will be needed for life. As these drugs can have serious potential side-effects your dog will need to be tested frequently. Common side effects include are poor appetite, vomiting, and lack of energy. More serious complications can involve collapse, severe hormone imbalances, destruction of the adrenal glands, and even death.
Your pet may need surgery to remove an adrenal tumor and you should follow the vets’ instructions exactly. You’ll need to watch out for signs of internal bleeding such as pale gums, rapid breathing, and general weakness. There are many potential risks for surgery as it’s extremely complex. And surgical techniques to remove pituitary tumors aren’t widely available.
Generally, a untreated dog can live as long as a treated dog but with side effects. Treatment doesn’t actually change the life span. However, it gives a better quality of life when you address the symptoms.
Complications may occur in the form of diabetes or a blood clot in the lungs. Moreover, hypo adrenal corticism if left untreated can lead to death.
With proper diagnosis and ongoing treatment, the symptoms should be controllable. Herbal remedies can help by balancing systems within your dog’s body and addressing the disease’s causes. This soothes the painful symptoms of illness and disease at the same time.
The most important factors in considering euthanasia are uncontrollable urination and excessive drinking. Dogs with neurological signs from a pituitary tumor have a poor prognosis. Medical therapy for adrenal-dependent Cushing’s has a fair to good prognosis with a survival rate of about 15 months.
If surgery isn’t an option, treatment with drugs can prolong life before your dog’s quality of life becomes unacceptable.
Putting a dog to sleep is never an easy decision. So, you can get a detailed explanation about dog euthanasia from caring home-visit vets. When you’re ready the vet will come to your home. They will administer a sedative to send your dog into a peaceful sleep. Then an anesthetic agent will cause the heart to slowly stop, calmly and serenely. You can make any aftercare arrangements with the help of Care coordinators.