Chronic Renal Failure In Cats - Cloud 9 Vets

Chronic Renal Failure In Cats

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This is a slow but progressive disease, commonly seen in middle to old age cats. The life expectancy is around 2 – 6 years. The symptoms usually start showing when about 75% of the kidneys have become damaged. This is irreversible and the diseased parts of the kidneys cannot be repaired. The main symptoms are as follows:

  • Increased drinking.
  • Increased urination.
  • Poor coat condition.
  • Halitosis.
  • Mouth ulcers.
  • Decreased appetite
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Lethargy
  • Depression
  • Dehydration.

These worsen as the disease progresses.

The kidneys filter metabolic waste products from the blood. When the kidney function becomes compromised there is a build up of protein break down products – urea and creatinine, in the blood. The blood becomes more acidic. The kidneys produce a hormone called erythropoietin which triggers the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow. Anaemia develops due to a lack of this hormone.

Electrolyte imbalances in cats with renal failure are low potassium as they are prone to losing this in their urine. Also, excess phosphate and this leads to muscle weakness, bone pain and loss of appetite. Cats with chronic renal failure are also prone to high blood pressure and blindness due to the hypertension. Diagnosis is confirmed by a blood test which shows increased protein waste products – urea and creatinine. A urine sample will show low concentration and high protein levels.

A low protein diet is recommended which limits the waste product of protein easing the work of the ailing kidneys. The diet also has restricted phosphate because cats with kidney disease have excess phosphate in the body. Levels of vitamin B and potassium are also high in this diet. There are several medications that can be prescribed to hep with the condition.

These include drugs for:

  • Lowering blood pressure
  • Reduce vomiting
  • Reduce protein loss

 

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by Lisbet Stuer on October 16, 2019

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Chronic Renal Failure In Cats

This is a slow but progressive disease, commonly seen in middle to old age cats. The life expectancy is around 2 – 6 years. The symptoms […]

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We are available to help you with home euthanasia for your pet

In order to safeguard you and our vets and to comply with Government regulations there are some requirements you should be aware of and agree to before we confirm your home visit:
1. If the gentle euthanasia is indoors, only one person can be present during the vet’s visit, other family or friends should say their goodbyes before the vet arrives at your home
2. There should, at all times, be a two meter distance between the family member and the vet.
3. Our process involves sedation, you will be able share closeness with your pet after the vet has given the sedative
4. If you are able to be in your own garden, this greatly reduces the risk of contagion and it may be possible to be more than one person to be with the vet, our vet will advise you.
5. We are doing all we can to ensure there is closeness, care and compassion during the gentle euthanasia home visit. A peaceful goodbye is so important at such a sensitive and emotional time
6. Thank you for your understanding and consideration in these very difficult and challenging times.