Kidney failure in dogs is also known as canine kidney failure. It causes the kidneys to function abnormally, so that they are unable to filter toxins from the body. This causes health issues such as poor blood acidity regulation; uremia; and high blood pressure.
As kidney failure can occur gradually over time – or suddenly as in acute kidney failure – it’s really important to recognise the signs of kidney failure in dogs. Find out more about dog kidney failure – when to euthanise here…
Causes of kidney failure are wide-ranging and include the following:
Symptoms of kidney failure are various and include discomfort, disorientation, excessive urination, fatigue, increased thirst, poor coordination, and vomiting.
To prevent kidney problems from poisoning ensure your dog does not have access to potentially dangerous substances and that she is supervised at all times when outside. Do not give your dog any over-the-counter medications without instruction by your vet, and ensure that your dog has access to plenty of water at all times. Proper oral hygiene helps to maintain good overall health.
Kidney problems can become life-threatening conditions requiring immediate hospitalization and treatment. If left untreated, end-stage kidney failure can occur, leading to a fatal outcome.
Give your dog meals that are low in calories and high in fibre and vitamins. Make sure your dog always has access to freshwater. And eats regularly.
What foods should a dog with kidney disease avoid include high protein treats such as deli meat, bread, and cheese?
Although chronic kidney failure isn’t curable treating the symptoms can reduce the progress of the disease. And providing the best-balanced diet according to age, weight, and size will help to prevent kidney problems.
Depending on how your dog responds to the initial treatment the prognosis is variable. And can often lead to a good quality of life. The proper follow-up care can also extend the length of life. You need to be part of all decisions that are made after diagnosis and regarding treatment.
If your dog is in pain constantly, stops eating and drinking, or experiences incontinence due to complete kidney failure, you may need to consider putting your dog to sleep. When your dog stops responding to treatment this is another reason for letting go.
You’ll need the support and advice of an experienced and understanding vet to ensure your dog’s last days are as comfortable as possible – dog euthanasia at home may be the kindest and your final option to prevent further suffering.
Your dog’s welfare will always be the ultimate priority. And the gentle euthanasia procedure will be fully explained so that you can have any questions answered. When the time is right a sedative will be administered to send your dog to sleep. Then the anaesthetic agent will cause the heart to slow and calmly stop – and your dog will pass away peacefully.