Never an easy subject for dog-lovers and dog-owners, but the subject of ‘dog dementia and when to put down your pet‘ is an agonising one which needs to be asked at some stage. As dog owners, we are heavily burdened with the conscious and legal ability to humanely end a dog’s life.
Even though one does not have to struggle through and watch their pet suffer indefinitely, as one would with human beings, the decision of when to end your pet’s life is made difficult because you cannot ask your pet whether its preference is to live or to die and, if the latter, the means by which its life is taken away.
It can also be extremely difficult for you to deal with if you are the person who loves the dog. Here are some signs to look for if you have concerns about your dog’s mental and emotional health:
Staring for long periods of time, getting lost in corners and seeming to be lost in familiar places
Peeing and/or pooping in the house: Senior dogs with dementia may forget to go outside to do their business, but it’s important to rule out another medical problem such as a urinary tract infection, gastrointestinal problems, bowel problems, etc. before assuming the problem is related to dementia.
Withdrawal from familiar people and places: This could be as simple as ignoring familiar and beloved people. More specifically, a dog with dementia often won’t seek out human companionship, sometimes it will even walk away while being petted, and often won’t greet family members when they come home
Barking for no reason on a regular basis. The dog is in constant confusion and this may cause fear which leads to barking. It may no longer recognise once familiar people, or get trapped behind a door left ajar and not realise that all it has to do is use a little force to free itself. Appetite changes, which can be both loss of appetite or increased hunger.
Sleeping pattern changes: Watch for behaviour like sleeping during the day and being awake and confused at night
Not responsive to your voice: Rule out hearing loss first
Any other behaviours that might be unusual for your dog
If you notice any of the above signs, it’s best to keep a log or a mental note of how often they are happening and monitor whether they are worsening. If your dog is senior and starting to show signs of unusual behaviour, then the first step would be to take it to the vet. If the vet diagnoses it with Canine Cognitive Dysfunction (CCD), dog dementia, then this can be absolutely heart-breaking for you as the owner. It doesn’t always have to be a question of dog dementia and when to put down the dog because there are ways of treating the symptoms and stabilising the condition rather than taking giant steps.
The vet may well prescribe some medications which can be helpful for the dementia in its early stages. However, do be warned that some medications only aid with calming anxiety which means you may end up with a confused, barely responsive and tranquilised dog which means you are trading one unhealthy state for another.
If you do opt for some early-stage treatment options, then here are some possibilities which the vet may prescribe:
Omega-3 fatty acids: Consider switching your dog to a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids and other antioxidants. These are said to help with brain function and alertness.
Selgian/Anipryl: Consult with your vet about this option. The ingredient Selegiline hydrochloride has been shown to be effective for dementia in dogs by prolonging the activity of your dog’s remaining dopamine. This improves memory and helps dogs think more clearly.
CBD oil is proving a new and exciting alternative to drugs for many pet owners. Not only is it effective for anxiety but for serious conditions including epilepsy. It is legal to purchase at many pet stores and high street stores, Holland and Barrett.
Following these treatments, if your dog’s condition worsens over a prolonged period of time, then your vet may be able to help you decide when to consider dog euthanasia. One thing which is vital for you to assess before you make this decision is whether you feel like this is the time for your dog to go. Does your dog still engage with you? Is there still ‘life’ in its eyes, or do they just stare at you blankly? Is the dog constantly living in fear and barking? Does it have a healthy appetite, good energy levels, is it of good mental condition? These are all questions that you should be asking yourself at this stage. One option is palliative care, however in the long run, this is not sustainable.
Once you have arrived at the decision to euthanize your dog, then your vet will explain to you in good detail what the procedure entails. They will also discuss your wishes for aftercare arrangements and cremation. The vet may also provide sedation for your pet prior to the procedure to minimize anxiety.
When you are ready, your vet will administer the euthanasia solution through an IV line. Your pet will not experience any discomfort with this injection and will not be aware of any feelings of distress. First, the solution rapidly induces a brief state of anaesthesia. Within a few more seconds, the solution will cause the heartbeat and breathing to cease. Your vet will ensure the procedure is finished by listening for a heartbeat with the stethoscope so that you need not worry about the completeness of the euthanasia. It is customary at that point for the vet to leave the room and to give you as much time as you desire to grieve your pet in privacy.